Which are Community Initiatives?
The European Commission established special programmes to solve specific problems dealing with the entire EU area - Community Initiatives - that complement other European Union programmes or make their implementation simpler.
For the so-called programming period of 2000-2006, during which the CR joined EU, the number of initiatives was reduced in comparison with the previous programme period to only 4 initiatives, €10.44 billion were earmarked for them, which presents a maximum 5,35% of structural funds money.
Interreg III programme, which consists of three parts (A, B, C), is one of the European Community Initiatives, which has been appointed by the European Commission for European Union member countries and it is an instrument for overcoming disadvantages arising from border positions of particular areas. Part A focuses on cross-border cooperation; part B on transnational cooperation and part C supports interregional cooperation.
The main purpose of the EQUAL Initiative is enforcement of innovative instruments for solving existing problem areas in connection with discrimination and inequality on the labour market.
It has been stated that LEADER+ Union Initiative will not be opened in the planning period of 2004 - 2006 as an independent financial source in the draft of EU and CR common position, but activities dealing with LEADER+ can be integrated within appropriate programming documents. The CR has decided to implement transitional measures LEADER+ within OP Agriculture in the form of a choice of restricted number of pilot local action groups and through co-financing their integrated strategies of local development.
Urban Programme, financed from European Regional Development Fund (ERDF), will not be meanwhile performed in CR. Partial objectives of programmes within Union support will substitute for it.